Health

Types of drug-resistant typhoid spread worldwide

Drug resistance to new strains of bacteria has increased over 3 decades / Photo courtesy of Wikipedia

Bacteria that cause typhoid fever have increased their ability to resist antibiotics, and new strains are emerging.

This was revealed in a new medical study.

Types of the most common genome sequestration of the bacterium called typhoid have been discovered to be resistant to two of the most important antibiotics used to treat typhoid.

The study, published in the medical journal The Lancet, found that drug-borne strains of the bacterium were spreading rapidly, which was a cause for concern and showed how important it was to implement disease prevention measures. ۔

Typhoid fever affects 11 million people worldwide each year, of which 100,000 die.

Antibiotics are considered to be very effective in treating typhoid, but the spread of more powerful strains is reducing the effectiveness of these drugs.

The study found that typhoid was most common in South Asia, including Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, with 70% of the world’s cases occurring in the region.

According to research, bacterial drug-resistant strains first appeared in South Asia and have spread to other parts of the world since 1990.

The study also analyzed 4,169 samples of STIs collected in more than 70 countries between 1905 and 2018.

Researchers have found that since 2000, the prevalence of drug-resistant typhoid MRS has declined in Nepal, India and Bangladesh, with a slight increase in cases in Pakistan, but other new Types began to take its place.

The study found that the spread of drug-resistant bacteria has increased at least 94 times since 1990, with 97% of the species beginning to spread from South Asia.

Types of resistance to Azithromycin, a commonly used drug for the treatment of typhoid, have been spreading rapidly since 2013, with cases reported in South Asia, Southeast Asia, East and South Africa, as well as the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. I have also come forward.



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